Responsibilities of a journalist

  • Journalism may be define as collection and distribution of information.  There are mediums of journalism including television,print,internet and radio.Journalism is totally different in various countries. In some countries there is authoritarian journalism some have liberal journalism.


    Authoritarian Journalism:  

     It may b define as media that is governed by some specific authority .In other words n this type of journalism whole media is operated according to wish and will of certain group of people .China is the best example of authoritarian journalism.Liberal Journalism:It may be defined as media that has full freedom of speech. This type of journalism there is no parameter for journalists they can  do what ever they want without any hesitation.On the whole there are about 30 codes of ethics in Europe. Currently there are 20 functioning councils in Europe. Some codes were made by journalists themselves while some are formed recently by Central and Eastern European democracies.

             One of important objective that is achieved by these codes and ethics is to show the accountability to the public as well as the sources and to protect the professional integrity of journalism from external interferences.  On a genral level codes are same everywhere with minor changes. 13 main theme are same in every state. But on indivisual level there are some differences. There are 24 principles that are present in half of the codes among 61 ethical principles that are compared.

          Most common principles stress authentication of information, no discrimination on the bases of sex, race etc. Proper source of information, to safeguard journalist and journalism, and freedom of expression and reaction of community .

    Not only this journalistic codes of ethics includes fare and authentic news. Journalistic must go through various  means of information instead of collecting news from one place. If he don’t know entire news or scenario he must be open to confess this truth and should share only that particular news about which he is sure. 

            Journalistic codes of ethics also involve freedom of speech. In other words we can say that journalist must of freedom of speec for sure under certain parameters but still he must have that much confidence to share actual and factual information with audience.

          Along with that it is also important to follow journalistic codes of ethics so that we can draw our attention on every kind of audience irrespective to the audience of elite class only.

          Credibility is the key point of every journalist to maintain ethical journalism. For that journalism must focus on facts and figures,sound and solid evidence.  They must always know the fact and reality of the specific subject about which they are providing news in order to maintain that level. Not only this they have too work hard in order to substantiate their news report with all facts and figures.

     One of the foremost debatable problems in fashionable news is media bias, notably on political problems, however combining with relevance cultural and different problems. Sensationalism is additionally a typical criticism. Minor factual errors also are extraordinarily common, as nearly anyone World Health Organization is aware of the topic of a selected report can quickly notice.


    There also are some wider issues, because the media still change, for instance, that the shortness of news reports and use of sound bites has reduced fidelity to the reality, and should contribute to an absence of required context for public understanding. From outside the profession, the increase of stories management contributes to the important chance that print media could also be deliberately manipulated. Selective news (spiking, double standards) terribly usually alleged against newspapers, and by their nature sorts of bias harsh to establish, or guard against.

                    This section doesn't address specifics of such matters, however problems with sensible compliance, in addition as differences between skilled journalists on principles.Among the leading news organizations that voluntarily adopt and arrange to uphold the common standards of journalism ethics delineated herein, adherence and general quality vary significantly. The expertness, irresponsibleness, and public responsibility of a news agency 3 of its most beneficial assets. a corporation earns and maintains a robust name partially through the consistent implementation of moral standards, that influence its position with the general public and at intervals the business.

               Advocacy journalists term of some discussion even at intervals the sector of journalism by definition tend to reject "objectivity", whereas at an equivalent time maintaining several different common standards and ethics.Civic journalism adopts a changed approach to objectivity; rather than being uninvolved spectators, the press is active in facilitating and inspiring speechmaking and examining claims and problems critically. This doesn't essentially imply support of a selected organization or position

            They use the ability of language and literary devices additional like fiction to bring insight and depth into the usually book-length treatment of the topics regarding that they write. Such devices as dialogue, metaphor, digression and different such techniques provide the reader insights not typically found in commonplace news coverage. However, authors during this branch of journalism still maintain moral criteria like factual and historical accuracy as found in commonplace news reportage. They venture outside the boundaries of normal news reportage in providing richly elaborated accounts. One wide regarded author within the genre is James Augustine Aloysius Joyce Carol Oates, like her book on boxer gladiator.

                         They typically take AN implicit purpose of read on a selected public interest, by asking pointed queries and intensely searching bound questions. With retailers that otherwise attempt for neutrality on political problems, the silent position is commonly uncontroversial—for example, that political corruption or abuse of kids is wrong and perpetrators ought to be exposed and tortured, that government cash ought to be spent, efficient the health of the general public or employees or veterans ought to be protected. Support journalists typically use fact-finding journalism in support of a selected political position, or to reveal facts that square measure solely regarding to those with bound philosophy. in spite of whether or not or not it's undertaken for a particular political faction, this genre typically puts a powerful stress on factual accuracy, as a result of the purpose of Associate in Nursing in-depth investigation of a difficulty is to reveal facts that spur modification. Not all investigations request to reveal facts a few specific problem; some data-driven reportage will deep analysis and presents fascinating results for the overall enlightenment of the audience which could be understood in several ways in which or which can contain a wealth of facts involved with many alternative potential issues. A factually-constrained investigation with Associate in Nursing silent public interest purpose of read may additionally realize that the system beneath investigation is functioning well.

               Minor factual errors are very common, as nearly anyone WHO is accustomed to the topic of a
    particular report can quickly notice. There are some wider issues, because the media still amendment, as an example that the brevity of news reports and use of sound bites has reduced fidelity to the reality, and should contribute to a scarcity of needed context for public understanding. From outside the profession, the increase of stories management contributes to the important risk that fourth estate could also be deliberately manipulated.